Case: Nouns and Pronouns – Online Resources for Homeschools
Case is the form of a noun or a pronoun that tells us how the noun or pronoun is used in the sentence. There are three cases: nominative, objective, and possessive.
If a noun or pronoun is used as the subject of a verb, predicate nominative, or nominative absolute, the case is nominative.
If a noun or pronoun is used as the direct object, indirect object, object of a preposition, object of a verbal, or subject of an infinitive, the case is objective.
If a noun or pronoun is used to show ownership, the case is possessive.
The typical nominative pronouns are: I, you, he, she, it, we, they
The typical objective pronouns are: me, you, him, her, it, us, them
The typical possessive pronouns are: my, mine, your, yours, his, her, hers, its, our, ours, their, theirs
When a personal pronoun is used in one of the three following ways, the case is nominative.
- subject of a verb
- predicate nominative
- pronoun in a nominative absolute
*A nominative absolute is a noun or nominative pronoun followed by a participial phrase.
When a noun or pronoun is used as the object of a verb, preposition, or verbal for the subject of an infinitive, the case is objective.
The possessive case is used before a gerund. A gerund is a verbal ending in -ing, used as a noun.